Baz R. Karim is owner of the leading private energy conglomerate in Kurdistan. KAR Upstream is the largest producer of hydrocarbons in Kurdistan, operating the Khurmala Dome Oil Field, the Bai Hasan Field and the Avana Dome Oil Field with production at 380,000 bpd. KAR has a Production Sharing Agreement on the Makmur Block currently in the exploration phase. KAR owns and operates the largest private refinery in Iraq at 180,000 bpd. KAR Energy has a 960-megawatt power plant adding to the energy security for the region. KAR is the leading pipeline company in Kurdistan having installed and operating the vital pipeline link between Kurdistan and Turkey.